May National Days
With the weather getting warmer & some bank holidays to look forward to, now’s the time to plan some get-togethers. If you need a theme (or just an excuse) then you’re bound to find one in the list below:
Action on Stroke Month
Mental Health Month
Physical Fitness & Sports Month
Skin Cancer Awareness Month
Local & Community History Month
National Share a Story Month
National Walking Month
Night In for Macmillan
National Asparagus Month
ME Awareness Month
Asthma & Allergy Awareness Month
National Smile Month 16 May – 16 June
1 May Day
A holiday traditionally held on the 1st May but now held on the first Monday in May. It heralds the start of summer & is celebrated, mainly in rural areas, by children dancing around a maypole tied with ribbons, Morris dancing & the crowning of the May queen. This latter tradition may have it’s origins in the Roman festival Floralia, in honour of the goddess of flowers. The Gaelic May Festival, Beltane is held on 30th April but has similar roots.
1-7 Viral Meningitis Week (TBC)
Launched in 2013 by the charity, Meningitis Now to raise awareness & get people talking.
Meningitis is the inflammation of the membranes that surround and protect the brain and spinal cord and can be caused by different organisms, including bacteria and viruses. Viral meningitis is rarely life threatening, but symptoms can be very similar to those of bacterial meningitis. Until bacterial meningitis has been ruled out, patients may be treated with antibiotics. Although babies and children under five are the most at risk group, meningitis can affect anyone, of any age, at any time, so the more people who know about the disease and its symptoms, the better. Current vaccinations do not protect children from all forms of the disease & this is a misconception that could be putting lives at risk. Help spread the word via social media or at the school gates.
2 World Asthma Day
Established in 1998, it is an annual event organized by the Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) to raise awareness, care and support for those affected by asthma. Asthma is a chronic disease of the lungs which causes breathing problems. Symptoms include breathlessness, coughing, wheezing and a feeling of tightness in the chest. Whilst asthma can’t be cured, the symptoms can be controlled.
2-9 International Donkey Week
Hosted by The Donkey Sanctuary in Devon. The Donkey Sanctuary was founded in 1969 to care for abused, neglected & abandoned donkeys. It has expanded over the years & now owns several farms around the country where the donkeys are kept. It also supports projects in 27 other countries, helping sick, unwanted and hardworking donkeys, and the people who rely on them. During Donkey Week, you can visit for the day or come for a weeks holiday. There are visits to some of their nearby farms not usually open to the public, grooming, talks, wildlife walks, a barn dance & many more activities.
3 National Get Fit Don’t Sit Day (USA)
Run by the American Diabetes Association to promote physical activity & the importance of getting up & moving throughout the day & to raise awareness of the risk of type 2 diabetes. Businesses & groups take part in the day & organise walks, exercise stations & yoga classes to ensure the health of their employees.
3-7 Badminton Horse Trials
First held in 1949 when the 10th Duke of Beaufort decided to host an event to help British riders train for future international competitions. Taking place over 3 days, competitors must take part in 3 disciplines originating from cavalry exercises performed by the military ; dressage, cross-country & show jumping – an equestrian triathlon.
4 Star Wars Day
A day to celebrate the Star Wars films created by George Lucas. It is held on this day as a famous quote from the film is ‘ may the force be with you’ (May the 4th be with you)! The first film was released in 1977 & was followed by two more, making stars of it’s leading cast. In 1999, sixteen years after the last film, the first of a new trilogy was released. Such is it’s appeal, that yet another film is due to be released in December 2015.
5 Cinco de Mayo (Mexico/USA)
To commemorate the Mexican Army’s victory over the French at the Battle of Puebla in on May 5, 1862. Several wars had left the Mexican Treasury nearly bankrupt & in 1861 the president, Benito Juarez declared that all foreign debt payments would be suspended for 2 years. The British & Spanish naval forces descended, negotiated an agreement & withdrew, however the French decided to add Mexico to their empire. A French army of 8000 took on the ill-equipped 4500-strong Mexican army but on 5 May 1862 the Mexicans were victorious.
The victory though was short-lived as 1 year later the French arrived with a larger army & defeated the Mexicans. In turn, the French victory was also short-lived as with the American Civil War at an end, the Americans were able to come down & lend a hand. In true American style, the day is celebrated more in the United States than it is in Mexico.
5 Save Lives: Clean Your Hands
Part of the World Health Organisation Clean Care is Safer Care campaign. An annual campaign launched in 2009, it advocates the need to improve and sustain hand hygiene practices of health-care workers at the right times and in the right way to help reduce the spread of potentially life-threatening infections in health-care facilities. However, it is a practice we should all heed & follow.
5 International Day of the Midwife
Launched in 1992 by the International Confederation of Midwives to raise awareness of the important job that midwives do. The theme for this year is ‘The World Needs Midwives Today More Than Ever’ as part of an on going campaign to highlight the need for midwives.
6 Free Comic Book Day
Started in America in 2002 by the comic book industry as a way to promote independent comic book stores. The first one was planned so that it coincided with the release of the Spider Man film on May 3 2002 & so it is now traditionally held on the first Saturday in May. Many comic book publishers offer free special edition issues on this day to entice readers with their latest and upcoming titles and storylines.
6-14 Real Bread Week
Launched in 2009 by the Real Bread Campaign. It is an annual celebration supporting local, independent Real Bread bakeries and of baking your own. The Campaign defines real bread as ‘bread that is made without the use of processing aids or any other artificial additives’, basically how it used to be made. Today, the majority of loaves produced in the UK are made in large factories using artificial additives & where the dough is forced to rise quickly. The loaves may then be sprayed with chemicals to slow the growth of mould. They then travel across the country before arriving at the shops. With Real Bread, the idea is to use flour milled from locally-grown grain & to sell on-site so that there are very few food miles involved.
7 International Dawn Chorus Day
A worldwide celebration of nature’s daily miracle. The event was started over 30 years ago by The Wildlife Trust for Birmingham & the Black Country & is celebrated on the first Sunday in May. Apparently, it all began in the 1980s when broadcaster and environmentalist Chris Baines asked everyone to attend his birthday party at 4am so they could enjoy the dawn chorus with him. Visit the IDCD website to find an event near you. Witnessing a dawn chorus (& not just after an all-nighter) should be on everyone’s to do list.
7-13 Red Cross Week
Started in 1863 inspired by Swiss businessman, Henry Dunant. He was appalled at the suffering of thousands of men who were left to die due to lack of care after the Battle of Solferino & proposed the creation of national relief societies, made up of volunteers, to provide neutral and impartial help to relieve suffering in times of war. In 1870 the British followed suit & the British Red Cross was formed.
The British Red Cross helps people in crisis, whoever and wherever they are. They are part of a global voluntary network, responding to conflicts, natural disasters and individual emergencies, helping vulnerable people in the UK and abroad prepare for, withstand and recover from emergencies in their own communities. Use this week to raise awareness of their work & to help raise vital funds. Hold your own fundraiser or for a list of organized events near you, visit the Red Cross website.
8 VE Day
Victory in Europe Day. Celebrating the end of the second world war in Europe in 1945.
8-14 Mental Health Awareness Week
Organised by the Mental Health Foundation as part of Mental Health Month. As well as looking at mental illness, the campaign encourages people to also think about personal wellbeing. The theme for this year is mindfulness, a way to concentrate on the moment without worrying about the past or future.
8-14 Sun Awareness Week
Run by the British Association of Dermatologists (BAD). The campaign encourages people to check their skin, seek the appropriate form of UV sun protection and go to their GP if they notice any changes to their skin. Skin cancer incidence continues to rise in the UK and over 100,000 people are newly diagnosed with the disease every year.
Malignant Melanoma, the most deadly form of the disease, is the fastest rising common cancer and causes over 2,000 deaths in the UK each year. That equates to at least one person dying from the disease every six hours. Most cases of melanoma are curable if detected early enough, but if diagnosis is delayed and the cancer spreads then your chances of surviving are greatly reduced. The 1980s Australian sun protection campaign phrase ‘slip slop slap’ is easy to remember & should be heeded. In later years they extended it to include seek & slide. So slip on a t-shirt, slop on some 30+ sunscreen, slap on a hat, seek some shade & slide on the sunglasses. Don’t wait until it’s too late!
8-14 Action for Brain Injury Week
Raising awareness and recognition of the signs and symptoms of mild brain injury and how to respond to these. The campaign also aims to increase awareness of the plight of individuals and families affected by brain injury whose access to vital support services is being reduced as a result of funding cuts and welfare reforms. The week includes the Hats for Headway campaign & fundraiser on 12th May.
9 Europe Day
Celebrating the creation of the European Union in 1950. On 9 May 1950, the French Foreign Minister Robert Schuman presented his proposal on the creation of an organised Europe, to help maintain peaceful relations between European countries. This proposal, known as the ‘Schuman declaration’, is considered to be the act that created what is now the European Union.
11-17 ME Awareness Week
A fundraising & awareness campaign as part of ME Awareness Month & ME Awareness Day on Tuesday 12th. Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME) is a long-term fluctuating illness that causes symptoms affecting many body systems, more commonly the nervous and immune systems. It is characterised by a range of additional symptoms which can include chronic fatigue, unrefreshing sleep, muscle pain, cognitive dysfunction, sensitivity to sound and light, depression, anxiety, irritability and mood swings. Other symptoms may include allergies or sensitivities to food, digestion problems, chills and night sweats, dizziness and fainting. Symptoms can vary between individuals, as can their severity. However, lack of energy and cognition problems such as poor concentration and memory, are common amongst most people with ME. Visit the Action for ME website for more details.
12 ME Awareness Day
Part of ME Awareness Week (see above).
12 International Nurses Day
Celebrated each year on Florence Nightingale’s birthday in recognition of nurses across the globe. Patients and nursing staff share their stories explaining why the people who care for them are so important, and to spread the word about why working in health care is what they love doing.
12 Hats for Headway
A simple, fun, and easy way to raise money for Headway the brain injury association. Just wear a hat (as novel and wacky as possible!) for the day in return for a donation.
13 National Apple Pie Day (USA)
Not the best time of year for apple pie in the UK as most of the autumn crop will have been depleted. However, if you’re starting to salivate at the idea & feel you ought to celebrate with our cousins across the pond, they’ll be plenty of oversees varieties to choose from in the shops. There’s nothing quite as homely as apple pie & custard; or should that be ice cream ……
13 World Fair Trade Day
Started in 2001, it is an annual event on the second Saturday in May. It celebrates Fair Trade as a way to fight against poverty & exploitation by supporting fair prices, good working conditions, and long-term partnership through trade. From 2015 – 2017, the theme is ‘Be an Agent for change’. Just by changing one item in your shopping basket to a Fair Trade product, you could make a difference.
13 World Cocktail Day
The definition of a cocktail was first written about on 13th May 1806 in The Balance & Columbian Repository & so this date has been chosen to celebrate the numerous cocktails that exist. A cocktail is defined as ‘a stimulating liquor composed of spirits of any kind, , sugar, water & bitters’. The day is also the culmination of World Cocktail week.
13 European Rugby Champions Cup Final
To be held in Lyon. A weekend of rugby union with the Challenge Cup to take place the night before.
13 Eurovision Song Contest
The first contest was hosted by Switzerland on 24 May 1956. Seven countries took part & sung two songs each. Only solo artists were allowed to enter the contest; groups were banned until the rule was abolished in the 1970s. The UK had to wait until 1957 to take part as their application was too late the first year! This year 43 countries will take part in the semi finals on the preceding Tuesday & Thursday with 20 making it through to the final. These days, the UK, France, Germany, Italy and Spain are automatically allowed to participate in the final as they are the largest financial contributors to the EBU.
13 National Train Day (USA)
An advertising ploy started by Amtrak in 2008. It is an annual event held on the Saturday closest to 10th May, the anniversary of the completion of the first transcontinental railroad in the USA. Events take place countrywide at Amtrak stations & railway museums.
13-14 National Mills Weekend
An annual event organised by the SPAB to celebrate our milling heritage & allow us to visit mills not usually open to the public. To find a mill open near you, visit the windmills & watermills pages of the National Mills Weekend website & learn about these sources of power spread around the landscape.
13-19 National Doughnut Week
In aid of The Children’s Trust for children with brain injury. Founded in 1991 by baker Christopher Freeman to raise money for children’s charities; for each doughnut sold, cafes & bakers make a donation. In 2005 The Children’s Trust became the chosen charity. Visit www.nationaldoughnutweek.org for a list of participating bakeries.
14 Spanish Grand Prix
Formula 1 race taking place just outside Barcelona & the first European Grand Prix of the season. Practice & qualifying sessions take place on the Friday & Saturday with the main race on the Sunday. Get some friends round, put out some tapas & choose your team.
14 National Children’s Day UK
Launched in 2014 by the Save Childhood Movement as part of the UN’s Children’s Day. However, rather than being held on 20th November (the UN designated date), it is held in May when the weather is warmer so children can get outside & play. The day is all about the importance of children and how they have special rights and freedoms that help them to grow into happy, healthy adults. The theme for this year is The Science & Magic of Play.
14-20 British Sandwich Week
An annual celebration of the humble but versatile sandwich. It was made popular by the 4th Earl of Sandwich in the 18th century when he asked for meat to be served between 2 slices of bread so that he didn’t need to stop his gambling game for a meal. This filling is still very popular although these days there is a very long list of alternatives & some fairly unusual pairings.
14-20 National Epilepsy Week
To raise awareness & support for epilepsy sufferers. Epilepsy is a condition in which a person experiences recurrent seizures. These are caused by a sudden increase of excess electrical activity within the brain which interferes with the normal function of it causing a temporary interruption of messages which pass between brain cells. The Week also continues the Seize Control campaign where people with epilepsy are encouraged to demand better care & access to relevant treatments.
14-20 Christian Aid Week
A charity fundraising event originally by door-to-door collections. The charity, Christian Aid was started in the 1940s by church leaders who were determined to help European refugees who had lost everything after World War II, whatever their faith. In the 1950s, the aim became to combat poverty across the world by tackling its root causes as well as its effects . The first Christian Aid Week was organized in 1957 to raise public awareness & necessary funds.
15 International Day of Families
A United Nations day held annually to reflect the importance the international community attaches to families. The Day provides an opportunity to promote awareness of issues relating to families and to increase knowledge of the social, economic and demographic processes affecting families.
15-19 Walk to School Week
A great way to get children more active. We’re all rushing around so much these days that it’s easier to take the car but children (& adults!) are losing out on a simple fitness routine. Use this campaign to get back into the habit of walking when you can. The kiddies will arrive at school alert & ready for the day ahead. The fresh air & exercise should also make them ready for bed at the right time. You’ll also save money on petrol & can give yourself a pat on the back for helping to cut CO2 emissions.
15-21 Deaf Awareness Week
A campaign where many different deafness related organisations join together to promote their work & raise public awareness. One in six people in the UK suffer with some form of deafness & more than 800,000 people in the UK are severely or profoundly deaf. It is estimated that 14.5 million people will suffer with hearing loss by 2031. John Barrowman is an ambassador for Hearing Dogs for Deaf People & went Deaf for A Day as an experiment for ITV. TV sensationalism aside, his comments ‘I became increasingly withdrawn & frustrated & I was isolated from conversations around me. I felt invisible’ show how hard it must be for people who are permanently deaf. Use this week to check out the communication tips on the Action on Hearing Loss website.
15-21 Dementia Awareness Week
A fundraising & awareness campaign by the Alzheimer’s Society.The word dementia describes a set of symptoms that may include memory loss and difficulties with thinking, problem-solving or language. Dementia is caused when the brain is damaged by diseases, such as Alzheimer’s disease or a series of strokes. There are over 100 different types of dementia but all types are progressive which means that the structure & chemistry of the brain become increasingly damaged over time. In the UK, there are around 850,000 people with dementia. Help spread the word & raise awareness.
15-21 National Vegetarian Week
We are constantly being urged to go meat-free for a few meals a week so take this opportunity to really find out about vegetarian dishes. As well as finding some great new meals, going vegetarian benefits animals, the environment and your health & wellbeing. For recipes & ideas, visit www.nationalvegetarianweeek.org
15-15 June National Smile Month
Oral health campaign run by the British Dental Health Foundation. The aim of National Smile Month is to ultimately improve the UK’s oral health, to raise awareness of important health issues and make a positive difference to the oral health of millions of people throughout the UK. The 3 key messages are to brush your teeth last thing at night and on at least one other occasion with a fluoride toothpaste; cut down on how often you have sugary foods and drinks; visit your dentist regularly, as often as they recommend.
17-20 Museums at Night Weekend
An annual event to encourage visitors into museums, galleries and heritage sites by throwing their doors open after hours and putting on special evening events. Visit www.museumatnight.org.uk for events near you.
18 International Museum Day
Started in 1977 by the International Council of Museums to highlight the fact that ‘Museums are an important means of cultural exchange, enrichment of cultures and development of mutual understanding, cooperation and peace among peoples’. In 2014, more than 35,000 museums participated in the event in over 140 countries from all continents. Look out for free events near you.
19 Orange Wig Day
A campaign in aid of those affected by and at risk of anaphylaxis & severe allergy. Any allergic reaction occurs because the body’s immune system reacts inappropriately in response to the presence of a substance that it wrongly perceives as a threat. Show support and raise awareness and funds by donning an orange wig for the day.
20 Quiche Lorraine Day
In celebration of the well-known flan. Thought to have originated in Germany as an egg-custard baked in a bread dough. It was then adapted in Lorraine, France to include cream, egg & bacon or ham. Gradually, the dough became pastry & eventually cheese was added to become the recipe we know today.
20 World Whisky Day
Sip a dram of whisky & celebrate the water of life. Organised events take place around the world in honour of this drink or you can gather some friends & host your own. Whether you favour the Scottish whisky or the Irish whiskey, try it neat or (sacrilege some may say) in a cocktail.
22 World Goth Day
An annual celebration of Goth music & culture. The Goth culture was made popular in the late 70s, following on from Punk but has probably been around on a smaller scale for much longer. Goths find beauty in the darker side of things, are usually creative & tend to wear black.
22 Victoria Day (Canada)
Celebrated on the Monday preceding May 25th, in honour of Queen Victoria’s birthday (actually on 24th). Also known as May two-four & May Long. It is a public holiday & in some cities there are firework displays & parades.
22-28 British Tomato Week
Started in 2004 by the British Tomato Growers Association to promote our home-grown produce rather than imported. 4 out of 5 tomatoes are imported & are picked early to ripen en route rather than on the stem. Consequently, they do not have much flavour. The British growers use sustainable and environmentally friendly production methods & focus on a high quality product, bursting with flavour.
Tomatoes originate from the Andes in South America, where they grow wild. They were first cultivated by the Aztecs and Incas around 700 AD & were small & yellow. The Colonialists would only use them for decoration since they come from the same family as deadly nightshade & were considered poisonous. Eventually they made their way to Europe & we decided they wouldn’t kill us after all.
23 World Turtle Day
Started in 2000 by American Tortoise Rescue. The aim of the day is to raise the public’s awareness & increase their knowledge of turtles & tortoises. Turtles are known to have lived 220 million years ago making them one of the oldest reptile groups. Land tortoises can live up to 150 years whereas turtles tend to live about 70. The largest species is the leatherback turtle whose shell can be up to 8 foot long. Nearly all species of sea turtle are listed as endangered. They are slaughtered for their eggs, meat, skin and shells & suffer from poaching and over-exploitation. They also face habitat destruction and accidental capture in fishing gear.
24 Day for Change
On their annual Day for Change, UNICEF encourage schools to do something different for a day, such as a non-uniform day, dressing up in specific colours, holding cake sales or putting on sponsored events – in exchange for bringing in a small donation to a particular cause, and learning more about that cause. It’s a chance for schools to learn about what life is like for children around the world & how UNICEF helps to protect children caught in emergencies, such as the recent Philippines typhoon and the Syria conflict.
25 National Tap Dance Day
An annual celebration of tap dancing which takes place on the birthday of Bill ‘Bojangles’ Robinson, a famous American tap dancer & actor. Originating in America, tap dance is thought to have its roots in African tribal dances, Irish & Scottish jigs & English clog dances. Several styles developed & were made popular through minstrel shows & vaudeville. The tap dancing we see today with metal ‘taps’ nailed to the sole of the shoe, emerged around the 1920s made popular by chorus line shows.
25 Towel Day
A tribute to the late author Douglas Adams, started 2 weeks after his death in 2001. Adams wrote the popular cult book ‘The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy’ which contained a chapter on the usefulness of towels. To mark this day, fans are encouraged to walk around with a towel all day.
25 Ascension Day
Observed by the Christian church on the 40th day of Easter & celebrates Jesus’ ascension into heaven. According to the New Testament, Jesus met several times with his disciples during the 40 days after his resurrection to instruct them on how to carry out his teachings. It is believed that on the 40th day he took them to the Mount of Olives, where they watched as he ascended to heaven.
26 Wear It Wild (TBC)
A fundraising event for the World Wildlife Fund (WWF UK). According to a report published by the WWF, wildlife populations worldwide have declined by 52% since 1970. This is a shocking statistic! To help prevent further decline, raise money on 5th June by dressing like an animal. You can go the whole way with fancy dress & face paint or just wear a tie with leopards on. Sign up at Wear It Wild
27 FA Cup Final
Held at Wembley Stadium. The football season comes to a close (in theory) with the FA Cup Final. The winner of the FA Cup earns automatic qualification to next season’s UEFA Europa League.
27 Ramadan begins
The ninth month in the Islamic lunar calendar & a period of fasting, self-evaluation and spiritual growth for Muslims. During Ramadan, Muslims abstain from food, drink and other physical needs during the daylight hours. It is common to have one meal (suhoor) just before sunrise and an evening meal (iftar) after sunset.
27-4 June English Wine Week
A national campaign to raise the profile of English wine. Vineyards will be opening their doors to visitors & offering tours & tastings & retailers (both independent & supermarkets) will be holding special events. There are over 400 vineyards in England & Wales producing both sparkling & still wines so that’s quite a few tastings to enjoy. For details of vineyards & events near you, visit the English Wine Producers website.
27-4 June National Go Canoeing Week
A celebration of canoeing, kayaking & stand-up paddleboarding. The theme for 2015 is Road to Rio & the aim is to collectively canoe the distance from the UK to Rio & back again – 24,901 miles! If you’ve never canoed before, take this opportunity to get out on the water & give it a go; it’s an activity for individuals, friends or families. There are guided tours, 1 & 3 mile challenges or do your own thing & clock up the miles before logging them online. For more details visit the Go Canoeing Week website.
28 World Hunger Day
An annual event created by The Hunger Project UK. One eighth of the world’s population live in extreme hunger and poverty and exist on less than 80 pence a day. When this is due to famine, earthquakes or other natural disasters we hear about it through the media. But this only accounts for about 10% of those suffering. What about the other 90%? The people & communities who lack opportunity to earn enough income, to be educated and gain skills. World Hunger Day aims to raise awareness & support to enable more people to end their own hunger and poverty and become self-reliant. Spread the word, hold a fundraising event or donate online.
28 Monaco Grand Prix
A Formula One car race that started in 1929 & one of the Triple Crown of Motorsport events. It is held on a course around the streets of Monaco & is one of the more glamorous race locations.
29 Gloucestershire Cheese Rolling
An annual event that takes place at Coopers Hill, Birdlip. It is an ancient tradition although no one knows why it started or how long ago. A wheel of cheese is rolled down the hill & competitors race after it. The first to catch it wins the cheese! The hill is so steep that very few make it down without falling over. It is so popular with both contestants & spectators, that the event was cancelled in 2010 due to safety concerns. This did not stop the race taking place, however.
29-4 June National BBQ Week (TBC)
The start of the BBQ season! Nothing can beat al fresco dinning, even if we end up wearing our coats most of the time. Men seem to think this is their domain and, as long as the food is edible, who are we to argue. So make a salad, thread those kebabs & then sit back with a long cool drink & let the men get on with it.
The Festival of Weeks. Originally a Jewish harvest festival, it changed to commemorate the giving of the Torah on Mount Sinai. It occurs 7 weeks (on the 50th day) after Passover.
31 National Macaroon Day
Not to be confused with macarons (celebrated on March 20)! The American definition is that macarons are the small round colourful biscuits made with almonds & sandwiched together & macaroons (with a double ‘o’) are made with coconut. In the UK we tend to call them both macaroons so whether you celebrate the almond or the coconut version on this day, it’s entirely up to you.
31 World No Tobacco Day
A World Health Organisation campaign. The aim of the day is to highlight the health risks associated with tobacco & reduce tobacco consumption. For 2015, the WHO is asking countries to work together to end the illicit trade of tobacco products. The lower cost of these illicit products makes them more accessible & affordable to young people & low-income groups. Nearly 6 million people die each year from tobacco, more than 600,000 of which are non-smokers, breathing in second-hand smoke.